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Model for in vivo assessment of humoral protection against malaria sporozoite challenge by passive transfer of monoclonal antibodies and immune serum.

Authors
  • Sack, Brandon K
  • Miller, Jessica L
  • Vaughan, Ashley M
  • Douglass, Alyse
  • Kaushansky, Alexis
  • Mikolajczak, Sebastian
  • Coppi, Alida
  • Gonzalez-Aseguinolaza, Gloria
  • Tsuji, Moriya
  • Zavala, Fidel
  • Sinnis, Photini
  • Kappe, Stefan H I
Type
Published Article
Journal
Infection and Immunity
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2014
Volume
82
Issue
2
Pages
808–817
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1128/IAI.01249-13
PMID: 24478094
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Evidence from clinical trials of malaria vaccine candidates suggests that both cell-mediated and humoral immunity to pre-erythrocytic parasite stages can provide protection against infection. Novel pre-erythrocytic antibody (Ab) targets could be key to improving vaccine formulations, which are currently based on targeting antigens such as the circumsporozoite protein (CSP). However, methods to assess the effects of sporozoite-specific Abs on pre-erythrocytic infection in vivo remain underdeveloped. Here, we combined passive transfer of monoclonal Abs (MAbs) or immune serum with a luciferase-expressing Plasmodium yoelii sporozoite challenge to assess Ab-mediated inhibition of liver infection in mice. Passive transfer of a P. yoelii CSP MAb showed inhibition of liver infection when mice were challenged with sporozoites either intravenously or by infectious mosquito bite. However, inhibition was most potent for the mosquito bite challenge, leading to a more significant reduction of liver-stage burden and even a lack of progression to blood-stage parasitemia. This suggests that Abs provide effective protection against a natural infection. Inhibition of liver infection was also achieved by passive transfer of immune serum from whole-parasite-immunized mice. Furthermore, we demonstrated that passive transfer of a MAb against P. falciparum CSP inhibited liver-stage infection in a humanized mouse/P. falciparum challenge model. Together, these models constitute unique and sensitive in vivo methods to assess serum-transferable protection against Plasmodium sporozoite challenge.

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