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Mobile phone use in young adults who self-identify as being "Very stressed out" or "Zen": An exploratory study.

Authors
  • Majeur, Danie1, 2
  • Leclaire, Sarah1, 2
  • Raymond, Catherine1, 2
  • Léger, Pierre-Majorique3
  • Juster, Robert Paul4
  • Lupien, Sonia J2, 4
  • 1 Department of Neurosciences, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. , (Canada)
  • 2 Centre for Studies on Human Stress, Research Centre of Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. , (Canada)
  • 3 Department of Information Science, HEC Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. , (Canada)
  • 4 Department of Psychiatry and Addiction, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. , (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Stress and health : journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2020
Volume
36
Issue
5
Pages
606–614
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/smi.2947
PMID: 32314862
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Previous studies have reported a positive association between mobile phone use and psychological stress. However, the reasons why stressed out individuals use their cell phones more are not clear. To gain further insight on this relationship, we performed secondary analyses on a database of 87 healthy young adults aged 18-35 years who self-categorized themselves as being "Very stressed out" (N = 46) or "Zen" (N = 41). All participants were assessed for psychological stress, duration and nature (hedonistic vs. utilitarian) of mobile phone use, involvement with the mobile phone and levels of nomophobia. Results controlled for the exploratory nature of this study showed that although "Very stressed out" and "Zen" individuals used their mobile phone for the same amount of time and were equally involved with it, "Very stressed out" individuals reported a greater use of their mobile phone for hedonistic purposes and were more nomophobic than "Zen" individuals. The results of this exploratory study suggest that highly stressed out individuals might use hedonistic functions of their mobile phone as a tool to deal with stress, thus explaining why they present greater levels of nomophobia. © 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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