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Mobile Phone Addiction, Phubbing, and Depression Among Men and Women: A Moderated Mediation Analysis.

Authors
  • Ivanova, Ana1
  • Gorbaniuk, Oleg2
  • Błachnio, Agata3
  • Przepiórka, Aneta1
  • Mraka, Natalia4
  • Polishchuk, Viktoria5
  • Gorbaniuk, Julia1
  • 1 John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland. , (Poland)
  • 2 Uniwersytet Zielonogórski, Góra, Poland. , (Poland)
  • 3 John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland. [email protected] , (Poland)
  • 4 L'viv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine. , (Ukraine)
  • 5 National University Ostroh Academy, Ostroh, Ukraine. , (Ukraine)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Psychiatric Quarterly
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2020
Volume
91
Issue
3
Pages
655–668
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11126-020-09723-8
PMID: 32146681
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

For several years, the number of studies on the links between excessive mobile phone use and mental health has been increasing. The aim of the study was to establish if there is a relationship between mobile phone addiction and depression in university students and if phubbing is a mediator of this relationship. The authors also tested if this mediation effect was moderated by loneliness and if the model of relationships between these variables was the same in women and in men. The participants were 402 university and college students from Ukraine, aged 17 to 31; 74% of them were women. The authors used the Adapted Mobile Phone Use Habits, the Phubbing Scale, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, and the Loneliness Scale. The results of the study have shown that higher mobile phone addiction and higher phubbing is associated with a higher level of depressive moods, with phubbing functioning as a mediator of the relationship between mobile phone addiction and depression. A moderator of this mediation is loneliness, the moderation effect being asymmetrically dependent on gender: in men, high loneliness increases the mediating role of phubbing, which more markedly translates into depression, while in women the analyzed mediation effect becomes weaker with an increase in the sense of loneliness (phubbing correlates less strongly with depression).

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