The ability of antibody induced by MN and IIIB recombinant gp120 (rgp120) human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccines to bind to oligomeric native HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins of primary isolates of HIV-1 was measured by flow cytometric indirect immunofluorescence assay (FIFA) in 25 uninfected, healthy adults. After three immunizations, MN rgp120 HIV-1 vaccine given alone and coadministered with IIIB rgp120 HIV-1 vaccine elicited antibody that bound to cells infected with each of a panel of six subtype B strains of HIV-1. Lower levels of vaccine-induced binding antibody were detected against envelope subtype A, D, and (EA) strains of HIV-1 than against subtype B strains. Priming immunization with IIIB rgp120 HIV-1 vaccine alone induced low levels of antibody capable of binding to envelope glycoprotein of primary isolate strains of HIV-1, and booster immunizations with MN rgp120 HIV-1 vaccine resulted in much higher antibody levels. We conclude that MN rgp120 HIV-1 vaccine was an effective inducer of antibody to native envelope glycoproteins of antigenically diverse primary isolates of HIV-1.