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Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes: an important cause of stroke in young people.

Authors
  • Goodfellow, John Aaron1
  • Dani, Krishna
  • Stewart, Willie
  • Santosh, Celestine
  • McLean, John
  • Mulhern, Sharon
  • Razvi, Saif
  • 1 Institute of Neurological Sciences, Department of Neurology, Southern General Hospital, 1345 Govan Road, Glasgow, G51 4TF, UK. [email protected]
Type
Published Article
Journal
Postgraduate Medical Journal
Publisher
BMJ
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2012
Volume
88
Issue
1040
Pages
326–334
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1136/postgradmedj-2011-130326
PMID: 22328278
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes is a progressive, multisystem mitochondrial disease affecting children and young adults. Patients acquire disability through stroke-like episodes and have an increased mortality. Eighty per cent of cases have the mitochondrial mutation m.3243A>G which is linked to respiratory transport chain dysfunction and oxidative stress in energy demanding organs, particularly muscle and brain. It typically presents with seizures, headaches and acute neurological deficits mimicking stroke. It is an important differential in patients presenting with stroke, seizures, or suspected central nervous system infection or vasculitis. Investigations should exclude other aetiologies and include neuroimaging and cerebrospinal fluid analysis. Mutation analysis can be performed on urine samples. There is no high quality evidence to support the use of any of the agents reported in small studies. This article summarises the core clinical, biochemical, radiological and genetic features and discusses the evidence for a number of potential therapies.

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