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Mitochondrial COI sequences in mites : evidence for variations in base composition

  • Navajas, M.
  • Fournier, D.
  • Lagnel, J.
  • Gutierrez, Jean-Paul
  • Boursot, P.
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1996
Horizon / Pleins textes
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Studies of mitochondrial DNA sequences in a variety of animals have shown important differences between phyla, including differences in the genetic codes used, and varying constraints on base composition. In that respect, little is known of mites, an important and diversified group. We sequenced a portion (340 nt) of the cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) encoding gene in twenty species of phytophagous mites belonging to nine genera of the two families #Tetranychidae$ and #Tenuipalpidae$. The mitochondrial genetic code used in mites appeared to be the same as in insects. As is generally also the case in insects, the mite sequences were very rich in A + T (75% on average), especially at the third codon position (94%). However, important variations of base composition were observed among mite species, one of them showing as little as 69% A + T. Variations of base composition occur mostly through synonymous transitions, and do not have detectable effects on polypeptide evolution in this group. (Résumé d'auteur)

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