In order to gain some insight into metabolism of mitochondria isolated from materials subjected to storage treatments, we compared mitochondria isolated from potato tubers grown and stored in the post-harvest without any chemicals (N-PTM), and tubers, from local market, treated for commercial purpose (T-PTM) with respect to the L-lactate metabolism. Although no oxygen consumption due to L-lactate was found in T-PTM, L-lactate dehydrogenase existence was shown as immunologically investigated. Consistently, no L-lactate dehydrogenase activity was detected. Contrarily, N-PTM proved to metabolize externally added L-lactate, with oxygen consumption and intramitochondrial pyridine nucleotide reduction. All together these findings show that commercial treatments of foodstuffs could result in changes in their metabolism.