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Mitigation of acute lung injury by human bronchial epithelial cell-derived extracellular vesicles via ANXA1-mediated FPR signaling.

  • Fujita, Yu
  • Kadota, Tsukasa
  • Kaneko, Reika
  • Hirano, Yuta
  • Fujimoto, Shota
  • Watanabe, Naoaki
  • Kizawa, Ryusuke
  • Ohtsuka, Takashi
  • Kuwano, Kazuyoshi
  • Ochiya, Takahiro
  • Araya, Jun
Publication Date
May 06, 2024
eScholarship - University of California
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Acute lung injury (ALI) is characterized by respiratory failure resulting from the disruption of the epithelial and endothelial barriers as well as immune system. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic potential of airway epithelial cell-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) in maintaining lung homeostasis. We isolated human bronchial epithelial cell-derived EVs (HBEC-EVs), which endogenously express various immune-related surface markers and investigated their immunomodulatory potential in ALI. In ALI cellular models, HBEC-EVs demonstrated immunosuppressive effects by reducing the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in both THP-1 macrophages and HBECs. Mechanistically, these effects were partially ascribed to nine of the top 10 miRNAs enriched in HBEC-EVs, governing toll-like receptor-NF-κB signaling pathways. Proteomic analysis revealed the presence of proteins in HBEC-EVs involved in WNT and NF-κB signaling pathways, pivotal in inflammation regulation. ANXA1, a constituent of HBEC-EVs, interacts with formyl peptide receptor (FPR)2, eliciting anti-inflammatory responses by suppressing NF-κB signaling in inflamed epithelium, including type II alveolar epithelial cells. In a mouse model of ALI, intratracheal administration of HBEC-EVs reduced lung injury, inflammatory cell infiltration, and cytokine levels. Collectively, these findings suggest the therapeutic potential of HBEC-EVs, through their miRNAs and ANXA1 cargo, in mitigating lung injury and inflammation in ALI patients.

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