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MiRNA-disease association prediction via hypergraph learning based on high-dimensionality features

  • Wang, Yu-Tian1
  • Wu, Qing-Wen1
  • Gao, Zhen1
  • Ni, Jian-Cheng1
  • Zheng, Chun-Hou2, 3
  • 1 Qufu Normal University, Qufu, China , Qufu (China)
  • 2 Anhui University, Hefei, China , Hefei (China)
  • 3 Xinjiang University, Urumqi, China , Urumqi (China)
Published Article
BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Apr 20, 2021
Suppl 1
DOI: 10.1186/s12911-020-01320-w
Springer Nature


BackgroundMicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been confirmed to have close relationship with various human complex diseases. The identification of disease-related miRNAs provides great insights into the underlying pathogenesis of diseases. However, it is still a big challenge to identify which miRNAs are related to diseases. As experimental methods are in general expensive and time‐consuming, it is important to develop efficient computational models to discover potential miRNA-disease associations.MethodsThis study presents a novel prediction method called HFHLMDA, which is based on high-dimensionality features and hypergraph learning, to reveal the association between diseases and miRNAs. Firstly, the miRNA functional similarity and the disease semantic similarity are integrated to form an informative high-dimensionality feature vector. Then, a hypergraph is constructed by the K-Nearest-Neighbor (KNN) method, in which each miRNA-disease pair and its k most relevant neighbors are linked as one hyperedge to represent the complex relationships among miRNA-disease pairs. Finally, the hypergraph learning model is designed to learn the projection matrix which is used to calculate uncertain miRNA-disease association score.ResultCompared with four state-of-the-art computational models, HFHLMDA achieved best results of 92.09% and 91.87% in leave-one-out cross validation and fivefold cross validation, respectively. Moreover, in case studies on Esophageal neoplasms, Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Breast Neoplasms, 90%, 98%, and 96% of the top 50 predictions have been manually confirmed by previous experimental studies.ConclusionMiRNAs have complex connections with many human diseases. In this study, we proposed a novel computational model to predict the underlying miRNA-disease associations. All results show that the proposed method is effective for miRNA–disease association predication.

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