Background/Aims: To explore the potential role of miR-544a in spinal cord injury and the possible mechanism involved. Methods: We established a mouse model with spinal cord injury to examine the changes in grip force recovery of the forelimb or the posterior limb of the mouse. Microarray was performed to achieve differentiated miRNAs in the mice. The expressions of miR-544a, MCP-1, IL36B and IL17B after spinal cord injury were detected by qRT-PCR. Subsequently, miR-544a was overexpressed to observe changes in inflammation and grip strength after spinal cord injury. Target gene of miR-544a was then predicted using bioinformatics technology. Finally, dual luciferase reporter gene assay was used to verify the binding of miR-544a to its target gene. Results: Using mice models with spinal cord injury, we found that the strength of their four limbs began to recover 7 days after injury. The results of microarray and qRT-PCR confirmed that mir-544a level in mice with spinal cord injury decreased with increase of injury time, while the levels of inflammatory genes MCP-1 (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1), IL1 (interleukin-1) and TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor alpha) IL36B (interleukin-36 beta) and IL17B (interleukin-17 beta) were significantly increased. However, overexpression of miR-544a in the mice significantly reduced the level of inflammation and restored their grip strength in their four limbs. Finally, we found that miR-544a can bind to the NEUROD4 (Neurogenic differentiation 4) 3’UTR (Untranslated Region) region through bioinformatics website prediction, which was further confirmed by dual luciferase reporter assay. NEUROD4 level was significantly reduced following the overexpression of miR-544a. Conclusion: The expression of miR-544a was significantly decreased after spinal cord injury. High expression of miR-544a could alleviate the inflammation caused by spinal cord injury and promote the recovery of spinal cord via the inhibition of NEUROD4.