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Minimizing the impact of microorganism intrusion on the concrete physical and mechanical properties with nickel waste as a partial substitution for cement

Authors
  • Ashad, Hanafi
Type
Published Article
Journal
Heliyon
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jan 31, 2023
Volume
9
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e13303
PMID: 36820033
PMCID: PMC9937911
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Research Article
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study examined the impact of microorganism intrusion on concrete's physical and mechanical properties and efforts to minimize the effect by using nickel waste as a partial substitute for cement. The microorganisms resulted from the natural fermentation of coconut water which intruded into the concrete material, harming the concrete's physical and mechanical properties. Physical and mechanical properties observed were porosity, permeability, and compressive strength. The results indicated that the intrusion of microorganisms into the concrete material increased porosity and permeability and decreased the compressive strength of the concrete. Using nickel slag as a partial cement substitution material with an optimal percentage of 15% was employed to overcome these impacts.

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