# Minimal biquadratic energy of 5 particles on 2-sphere

- Authors
- Type
- Preprint
- Publication Date
- Dec 16, 2012
- Submission Date
- Aug 24, 2012
- Identifiers
- arXiv ID: 1208.5044
- Source
- arXiv
- License
- Yellow
- External links

## Abstract

Consider n points on the unit 2-sphere. The potential of the interaction of two points is a function f(r) of the distance r between the points. The total energy E of n points is the sum of the pairwise energies. The question is how to place the points on the sphere to minimize the energy E. For the Coulomb potential f(r)=1/r, the problem goes back to Thomson (1904). The results for n < 5 are well known. We focus on the case n=5, which turns out to be difficult. In this case, the following results have been obtained. For n=5, Dragnev, Legg, and Townsend (2002) give a solution of the problem for f(r)=-log r known as Whyte's problem. Hou and Shao (2009) give a rigorous computer-aided solution for f(r)=-r. Schwartz (2010) gives a rigorous computer-aided solution of Thompson's problem. We give a solution for biquadratic potentials.