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A Miniature-Implantable RF-Wireless Active Glaucoma Intraocular Pressure Monitor.

Authors
  • Chow, Eric Y
  • Chlebowski, Arthur L
  • Irazoqui, Pedro P
Type
Published Article
Journal
IEEE transactions on biomedical circuits and systems
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2010
Volume
4
Issue
6
Pages
340–349
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1109/TBCAS.2010.2081364
PMID: 23850751
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Glaucoma is a detrimental disease that causes blindness in millions of people worldwide. There are numerous treatments to slow the condition but none are totally effective and all have significant side effects. Currently, a continuous monitoring device is not available, but its development may open up new avenues for treatment. This work focuses on the design and fabrication of an active glaucoma intraocular pressure (IOP) monitor that is fully wireless and implantable. Major benefits of an active IOP monitoring device include the potential to operate independently from an external device for extended periods of time and the possibility of developing a closed-loop monitoring and treatment system. The fully wireless operation is based off using gigahertz-frequency electromagnetic wave propagation, which allows for an orientation independent transfer of power and data over reasonable distances. Our system is comprised of a micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) pressure sensor, a capacitive power storage array, an application-specific integrated circuit designed on the Texas Instruments (TI) 130 nm process, and a monopole antenna all assembled into a biocompatible liquid-crystal polymer-based tadpole-shaped package.

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