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Mineralogy of shells from two freshwater snails Belgrandiella fontinalis and B kuesteri.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A Molecular & Integrative Physiology
1095-6433
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
134
Issue
1
Pages
121–127
Identifiers
PMID: 12507615
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) was used to study the mineral composition of shells of snails Belgrandiella fontinalis and Belgrandiella kuesteri collected from three freshwater springs in northeastern Slovenia. The fractions of aragonite, calcite, dolomite and quartz in particular shells were determined. The analysed shells consisted of two or more distinct inorganic layers. The outer shell layer for both species and all sampling localities contained aragonite. The outer layer of B. fontinalis collected at one locality, also contained a small fraction of calcite ( approximately 1 molar%) besides the dominant aragonite. Calcite was identified in the inner layer(s) of both species (2 to 3 molar%), while quartz was found only in B. kuesteri (5-7 molar%). However, both species sampled at one locality showed the presence of dolomite (approx. 20 molar%) in the inner layer(s). The presence of dolomite in the shells of adult gastropods and even molluscs is unusual. A possible formation mechanism and specific ecological factor that could influence the precipitation of dolomite in the shells of different Belgrandiella species is discussed.

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