The mineral tooeleite Fe6(AsO3)4SO4(OH)4�4H2O is secondary ferric arsenite sulphate mineral which has environmental significance for arsenic remediation because of its high stability in the regolith. The mineral has been studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared (IR) and Raman spectroscopy. The XRD result indicates tooeleite can form more crystalline solids in an acid environment than in an alkaline environment. Infrared spectroscopy identifies moderately intense band at 773 cm�1 assigned to AsO3� 3 symmetric stretching vibration. Raman spectroscopy identifies three bands at 803, 758 and 661 cm�1 assigned to the symmetric and antisymmetric stretching vibrations of AsO3� 3 and As-OH stretching vibration respectively. In addition, the infrared bands observed at 1116, 1040, 1090, 981 and 616 cm�1, are assigned to the m3, m1 and m4 modes of SO2� 4 . The same bands are observed at 1287, 1085, 983 and 604 cm�1 in the Raman spectrum. As3d band at binding energy of 44.05 eV in XPS confirms arsenic valence of tooeleite is +3. These characteristic bands in the IR and Raman spectra provide useful basis for identifying the mineral tooeleite.