Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Mindfulness and Its Association With Varied Types of Motivation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Using Self-Determination Theory.

Authors
  • Donald, James N1
  • Bradshaw, Emma L2
  • Ryan, Richard M2
  • Basarkod, Geetanjali2
  • Ciarrochi, Joseph2
  • Duineveld, Jasper J2
  • Guo, Jiesi2
  • Sahdra, Baljinder K2
  • 1 The University of Sydney Business School, New South Wales, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 2 Institute of Positive Psychology & Education, Australian Catholic University, North Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. , (Australia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Personality & social psychology bulletin
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2020
Volume
46
Issue
7
Pages
1121–1138
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/0146167219896136
PMID: 31884892
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Mindfulness has been shown to have varied associations with different forms of motivation, leading to a lack of clarity as to how and when it may foster healthy motivational states. Grounded in self-determination theory, the present study proposes a theoretical model for how mindfulness supports different forms of human motivation, and then tests this via meta-analysis. A systematic review identified 89 relevant studies (N = 25,176), comprising 104 independent data sets and 200 effect sizes. We used a three-level modeling approach to meta-analyze these data. Across both correlational and intervention studies, we found consistent support for mindfulness predicting more autonomous forms of motivation and, among correlational studies, less controlled motivation and amotivation. We conducted moderation analyses to probe heterogeneity in the effects, including bias within studies. We conclude by highlighting substantive and methodological issues that need to be addressed in future research in this area.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times