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Milk yield and composition and body weight of offsprings of mixed-breed goats on semi-arid rangelands with different rainfall.

Authors
  • Flores-Najera, M J1
  • Vélez-Monroy, L I1
  • Sánchez-Duarte, J I1
  • Cuevas-Reyes, V2
  • Mellado, M3
  • Rosales-Nieto, C A4
  • 1 Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias, Campo Experimental La Laguna, 27440, Matamoros, COAH, Mexico. , (Mexico)
  • 2 Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias, Campo Experimental Valle de México, 56250, Texcoco, CDMX, Mexico. , (Mexico)
  • 3 Departamento de Nutrición Animal, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, 25315, Saltillo, COAH, Mexico. , (Mexico)
  • 4 Facultad de Agronomía y Veterinaria, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, 78321, San Luis Potosí, Mexico. [email protected] , (Mexico)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Tropical Animal Health and Production
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Sep 28, 2020
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11250-020-02418-z
PMID: 32989628
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The objective was to characterize milk yield and composition from mixed-breed goats kidding in winter and grazing rangelands with 221 (n = 15), 334 (n = 20), or 441 (n = 12) mm of annual rainfall in northern Mexico (22-25°N). Weekly milk yield and composition were recorded and progeny growth performance assessed. Body weight loss during lactation was the highest (6.4 kg) for goats on rangeland with 441 mm of rainfall than goats on 221 mm (1.6 kg), or 334 mm (1.8 kg; P < 0.01). The highest daily milk yield was for goats on 221 mm (498 mL; P < 0.01). There was not an evident peak of lactation and milk yield increased uninterruptedly at the end of lactation. Milk fat was negatively related to milk yield and goats on rangeland with 334 mm had the greatest milk fat content (P < 0.001). Milk protein and lactose content were higher in goats on rangeland with 221 mm (P < 0.01). Goat kids on rangelands with 221 and 441 mm grew faster and were heavier (P < 0.001) at weaning than kids reared in other rangelands. Weaning weight was positively related to milk yield (P < 0.001); but not milk components (P > 0.05). In conclusion, moderate milk yield of mixed-breed goats on rangeland is feasible with parturitions in winter, and milk yield is not affected by reduced annual precipitation in rangelands of northern Mexico. Offspring growth performance depends on maternal milk yield, but not milk composition. Nevertheless, slow growth to weaning of offspring had adverse effects on time to reach adequate market weight.

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