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Migration as an adjustment mechanism in the crisis? A comparison of Europe and the United States 2006–2016

Authors
  • Jauer, Julia1
  • Liebig, Thomas2
  • Martin, John P.3
  • Puhani, Patrick A.4
  • 1 German Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Berlin, Germany , Berlin (Germany)
  • 2 OECD, Paris, France , Paris (France)
  • 3 University College Dublin, UCD Geary Institute for Public Policy, Dublin, Ireland , Dublin (Ireland)
  • 4 Leibniz Universität Hannover, Institut für Arbeitsökonomik, Königsworther Platz 1, Hannover, 30167, Germany , Hannover (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Population Economics
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication Date
Jul 19, 2018
Volume
32
Issue
1
Pages
1–22
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00148-018-0716-x
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

We estimate whether migration can be an equilibrating force in the labour market by comparing pre- and post-crisis migration movements at the regional level in both Europe and the United States, and their association with asymmetric labour market shocks. Based on fixed-effects regressions using regional panel data, we find that Europe’s migratory response to unemployment shocks was almost identical to that recorded in the United States after the crisis. Our estimates suggest that, if all measured population changes in Europe were due to migration for employment purposes—i.e. an upper-bound estimate—up to about a quarter of the asymmetric labour market shock would be absorbed by migration within a year. However, in Europe and especially in the Eurozone, the reaction to a very large extent stems from migration of recent EU accession country citizens as well as of third-country nationals.

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