Structural failures after rotator cuff repair are well known, and despite advances and improved techniques in rotator cuff repair (RCR), retear rates remain high. The aim of this study was to (1) evaluate the midterm clinical and radiological outcomes after revision RCR and to (2) analyze whether preoperative ultrasound can predict outcome of open revision rotator cuff repair. Twenty-five patients who underwent revision RCR in a single institution between 2010 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed at a minimum follow-up of 2 years. The Constant Score (CS) and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score were collected. Ultrasound examination was used both before revision surgery and at follow-up to determine tendon integrity. At the final follow-up, 69.6% patients showed an intact rotator cuff and their CS had improved from 28.3 to 77. 30.4% patients had a persisting rotator cuff defect, and the CS had improved from 24 to 47.7. A preoperative tear size of more than 20 mm from an ultrasound examination could be identified as a factor that would risk structural failure of revision RCR. (1) Clinical outcomes after revision RCR improve in both patients with an intact RC and those with a retear at midterm follow-up. (2) Ultrasound seems to be a useful tool to predict whether reconstruction of recurrent rotator cuff tears is feasible. IV, Case series.