Middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion usually leads to cerebral infarction but rarely causes cerebral hemorrhage without infarction. We retrospectively investigated the unique radiographic manifestations in cases of cerebral hemorrhage without infarction. Computed tomography (CT) and angiographic images obtained in four patients (aged 26 to 70 years) with MCA occlusion associated with intracerebral hemorrhage were reviewed. Two patients also underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and one of these underwent magnetic resonance angiography as well; these images were also examined. Cranial CT revealed periventricular hemorrhage with ventricular penetration in one patient and with putaminal penetration in two. Solitary ventricular hemorrhage was found in the fourth patient. Angiography showed ipsilateral occlusion at the M1 portion of the MCA, accompanied by moyamoya-like vessels. No aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation was detected. MRI showed absence of the flow void in the affected MCA and an abnormal flow void in dilated collateral vessels in the basal ganglia. MCA occlusion can cause periventricular or ventricular hemorrhage, which appears to result from bleeding from fragile dilated collateral vessels and, thus, to have an etiology similar to that of adult moyamoya disease. MRI shows promise as a tool for evaluating the occlusion site.