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Microtubule-Stabilizing 1,2,4-Triazolo[1,5‑a]pyrimidines as Candidate Therapeutics for Neurodegenerative Disease: Matched Molecular Pair Analyses and Computational Studies Reveal New Structure–Activity Insights

  • Alle, Thibault
  • Varricchio, Carmine
  • Yao, Yuemang
  • Lucero, Bobby
  • Nzou, Goodwell
  • Demuro, Stefania
  • Muench, Megan
  • Vuong, Khoa D
  • Oukoloff, Killian
  • Cornec, Anne-Sophie
  • Francisco, Karol R
  • Caffrey, Conor R
  • Lee, Virginia M-Y
  • Smith, Amos B
  • Brancale, Andrea
  • Brunden, Kurt R
  • Ballatore, Carlo
Publication Date
Jan 12, 2023
eScholarship - University of California
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Microtubule (MT)-stabilizing 1,2,4-triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidines (TPDs) hold promise as candidate therapeutics for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative conditions. However, depending on the choice of substituents around the TPD core, these compounds can elicit markedly different cellular phenotypes that likely arise from the interaction of TPD congeners with either one or two spatially distinct binding sites within tubulin heterodimers (i.e., the seventh site and the vinca site). In the present study, we report the design, synthesis, and evaluation of a series of new TPD congeners, as well as matched molecular pair analyses and computational studies, that further elucidate the structure-activity relationships of MT-active TPDs. These studies led to the identification of novel MT-normalizing TPD candidates that exhibit favorable ADME-PK, including brain penetration and oral bioavailability, as well as brain pharmacodynamic activity.

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