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Microparticles in the Atmosphere from Lithospheric Sources of Technogenic Origin

Authors
  • Adushkin, V. V.1
  • Soloviev, S. P.1
  • 1 Sadovsky Institute of Geosphere Dynamics (IDG RAS), Moscow, 119334, Russia , Moscow (Russia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2021
Volume
57
Issue
5
Pages
686–697
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1134/S1069351321050025
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Article
License
Yellow

Abstract

Abstract—There is a brief overview of technogenic sources of microparticles associated with the extraction of mineral raw materials and fuel from the lithosphere. The overview focuses on the emissions of rock particles during the open-pit mining process. Assessments of microparticle emission into the surface layer of the atmosphere are obtained using the example of coal mining. The analysis was carried out on the basis of data on dust emission during various technological operations in mining activities and their total volume. The obtained assessments of microparticle emissions from open-pit coal mining in the world should be taken into account when analyzing the total aerosol balance of the atmosphere in the technogenic sources section, since these assessments are very close to the mass of emissions from motor vehicles and exceed the emissions of aviation and marine fleet. The dynamics of microparticle emission assessments from coal mining in the world for the period from 2010 to 2019 show that emissions increased by about 12% compared to 2010—this also corresponds to the growth of global open-pit coal mining.

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