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Micro/nanotechnology-inspired rapid diagnosis of respiratory infectious diseases

Authors
  • Homayoonnia, Setareh1
  • Lee, Yoonjung1
  • Andalib, Daniyal1
  • Rahman, Md Sazzadur1
  • Shin, Jaemyung1
  • Kim, Keekyoung1, 1
  • Kim, Seonghwan1
  • 1 University of Calgary,
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biomedical Engineering Letters
Publisher
The Korean Society of Medical and Biological Engineering
Publication Date
Sep 08, 2021
Volume
11
Issue
4
Pages
335–365
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s13534-021-00206-8
PMID: 34513114
PMCID: PMC8424173
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Review Article
License
Unknown

Abstract

Humans have suffered from a variety of infectious diseases since a long time ago, and now a new infectious disease called COVID-19 is prevalent worldwide. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has led to research of the effective methods of diagnosing respiratory infectious diseases, which are important to reduce infection rate and help the spread of diseases be controlled. The onset of COVID-19 has led to the further development of existing diagnostic methods such as polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and loop-mediated isothermal amplification. Furthermore, this has contributed to the further development of micro/nanotechnology-based diagnostic methods, which have advantages of high-throughput testing, effectiveness in terms of cost and space, and portability compared to conventional diagnosis methods. Micro/nanotechnology-based diagnostic methods can be largely classified into (1) nanomaterials-based, (2) micromaterials-based, and (3) micro/nanodevice-based. This review paper describes how micro/nanotechnologies have been exploited to diagnose respiratory infectious diseases in each section. The research and development of micro/nanotechnology-based diagnostics should be further explored and advanced as new infectious diseases continue to emerge. Only a handful of micro/nanotechnology-based diagnostic methods has been commercialized so far and there still are opportunities to explore.

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