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Microfluidic-based oxygen (O2) sensors for on-chip monitoring of cell, tissue and organ metabolism

Authors
  • Azimzadeh, Mostafa
  • Khashayar, Patricia
  • Amereh, Meithem
  • Tasnim, Nishat
  • Hoorfar, Mina
  • Akbari, Mohsen
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2022
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/bios12010006
OAI: oai:archive.ugent.be:8732116
Source
Ghent University Institutional Archive
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Oxygen (O-2) quantification is essential for assessing cell metabolism, and its consumption in cell culture is an important indicator of cell viability. Recent advances in microfluidics have made O-2 sensing a crucial feature for organ-on-chip (OOC) devices for various biomedical applications. OOC O-2 sensors can be categorized, based on their transducer type, into two main groups, optical and electrochemical. In this review, we provide an overview of on-chip O-2 sensors integrated with the OOC devices and evaluate their advantages and disadvantages. Recent innovations in optical O-2 sensors integrated with OOCs are discussed in four main categories: (i) basic luminescence-based sensors; (ii) microparticle-based sensors; (iii) nano-enabled sensors; and (iv) commercial probes and portable devices. Furthermore, we discuss recent advancements in electrochemical sensors in five main categories: (i) novel configurations in Clark-type sensors; (ii) novel materials (e.g., polymers, O-2 scavenging and passivation materials); (iii) nano-enabled electrochemical sensors; (iv) novel designs and fabrication techniques; and (v) commercial and portable electrochemical readouts. Together, this review provides a comprehensive overview of the current advances in the design, fabrication and application of optical and electrochemical O-2 sensors.

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