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Micro--structured crystalline resonators for optical frequency comb generation

Authors
  • Grudinin, Ivan S.
  • Yu, Nan
Type
Preprint
Publication Date
Jun 10, 2014
Submission Date
Jun 10, 2014
Identifiers
arXiv ID: 1406.2682
Source
arXiv
License
Yellow
External links

Abstract

Optical frequency combs have recently been demonstrated in micro--resonators through nonlinear Kerr processes. Investigations in the past few years provided better understanding of micro--combs and showed that spectral span and mode locking are governed by cavity spectrum and dispersion. While various cavities provide unique advantages, dispersion engineering has been reported only for planar waveguides. In this Letter, we report a resonator design that combines dispersion control, mode crossing free spectrum, and ultra--high quality factor. We experimentally show that as the dispersion of a MgF2 resonator is flattened, the comb span increases reaching 700 nm with as low as 60 mW pump power at 1560 nm wavelength, corresponding to nearly 2000 lines separated by 46 GHz. The new resonator design may enable efficient low repetition rate coherent octave spanning frequency combs without the need for external broadening, ideal for applications in optical frequency synthesis, metrology, spectroscopy, and communications.

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