Affordable Access

Methane detection and quantification in the upstream oil and gas sector: the role of satellites in emissions detection, reconciling and reporting

Authors
  • Cooper, J
  • Dubey, L
  • Hawkes, A
Publication Date
Nov 03, 2021
Source
UPCommons. Portal del coneixement obert de la UPC
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Oil and gas activities are a major source of methane and in recent years multiple companies have made pledges to cut their emissions of this potent greenhouse gas. Satellites are a promising technology, but their relevance to emissions reconciliation and reporting has not yet been independently established. In this review paper, we assess the capabilities of satellites to determine their role in emissions detection, reconciling and reporting in the upstream section of the oil and gas value chain. In reconciling, satellites have a role in verifying emissions estimated by other technologies, as well as in determining what is causing discrepancies in emission estimates. There are many limitations to satellite usage which need to be addressed before their widescale or routine use by the sector, particularly relating to where they can be used, and high uncertainty associated with their emission estimates. However, where limitations are overcome, satellites could potentially transform the way emissions are reconciled and reported through long-term monitoring, building emission profiles, and tracking whether emission targets are being met. Satellites are valuable tools, not just to the oil and gas sector but to international governments and organisations, as abating methane is crucial for achieving Paris Agreement ambitions.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times