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Meta-Reasoning: Monitoring and Control of Thinking and Reasoning.

Authors
  • Ackerman, Rakefet1
  • Thompson, Valerie A2
  • 1 Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel. , (Israel)
  • 2 University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Trends in cognitive sciences
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2017
Volume
21
Issue
8
Pages
607–617
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2017.05.004
PMID: 28625355
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Meta-Reasoning refers to the processes that monitor the progress of our reasoning and problem-solving activities and regulate the time and effort devoted to them. Monitoring processes are usually experienced as feelings of certainty or uncertainty about how well a process has, or will, unfold. These feelings are based on heuristic cues, which are not necessarily reliable. Nevertheless, we rely on these feelings of (un)certainty to regulate our mental effort. Most metacognitive research has focused on memorization and knowledge retrieval, with little attention paid to more complex processes, such as reasoning and problem solving. In that context, we recently developed a Meta-Reasoning framework, used here to review existing findings, consider their consequences, and frame questions for future research.

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