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Metabolism of T-2 toxin in Curtobacterium sp. strain 114-2.

  • Y Ueno
  • K Nakayama
  • K Ishii
  • F Tashiro
  • Y Minoda
  • T Omori
  • K Komagata
Publication Date
Jul 01, 1983
  • Biology
  • Chemistry


The metabolic pathway of T-2 toxin in Curtobacterium sp. strain 114, one of the T-2 toxin-assimilating soil bacteria, was investigated by thin-layer and gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. T-2 toxin added to the basal medium as a single carbon and energy source was biotransformed into HT-2 toxin and an unknown metabolite. Infrared, mass spectrum, proton magnetic resonance, and other physico-chemical analyses identified this new metabolite as T-2 triol. T-2 toxin was first deacetylated by the bacterium into HT-2 toxin, and this metabolite was then biotransformed into T-2 triol without formation of neosolaniol and T-2 tetraol. No trichothecenes remained in the culture medium after prolonged culture. Some properties of T-2 toxin-hydrolyzing enzymes were observed with whole cells, the cell-free soluble fraction, and the culture filtrate. Besides T-2 toxin, trichothecenes such as diacetoxyscirpenol, neosolaniol, nivalenol, and fusarenon-X were also assimilated by this bacterium.

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