We investigated the sporulation properties of a series of diploid Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains homozygous for inositol auxotrophic markers. The strains required different amounts of inositol for the completion of sporulation. Shift experiments revealed two phases of inositol requirement during sporulation which coincided with the two phases of lipid synthesis found by earlier workers. Phase I was at the beginning and during premeiotic deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis; phase II immediately preceded the appearance of mature asci. Of the inositol taken up by sporulating cells, 90% was incorporated into inositol phospholipids. By two-dimensional thin-layer chromatography, eight compounds were resolved, one of which was sporulation specific. The majority of the inositol phospholipids were, however, identical to those found in vegetatively growing cells. In the absence of inositol, the cells did not sporulate but, after a certain time, were unable to return to vegetative growth. These nonsporulating cells did, however, incorporate acetate into lipids and double their deoxyribonucleic acid content in the premeiotic phase. We believe that it is this lack of coordination of biosynthetic events which causes inositol-less death on sporulation media without inositol.