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Metabolism of androsterone and 5 alpha-androstane-3 alpha,17 beta-diol in human lung tissue and in pulmonary endothelial cells in culture.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Publication Date
Volume
60
Issue
2
Pages
244–250
Identifiers
PMID: 3965489
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The metabolism of [3H]androsterone and [3H] 5 alpha-androstane-3 alpha,17 beta-diol ( [3H] 3 alpha-diol) was studied in slices of human lung tissue and cultures of human pulmonary artery endothelial cells. Lung tissue metabolized [3H]androsterone (0.25 microM) to 5 alpha-androstane-3,17-dione (30.3 pmol 100 mg-1 tissue h-1), isoandrosterone (0.7 pmol 100 mg-1 tissue h-1), 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (5 alpha-DHT; 0.1 pmol 100 mg-1 tissue h-1), 3 alpha-diol (0.1 pmol 100 mg-1 tissue h-1), and two polar metabolites. Pulmonary arterial endothelial cells produced the same metabolites of [3H]androsterone (0.083 microM), with the exception of the polar compounds [5 alpha-androstane-3,17-dione (1.3 pmol mg-1 protein h-1), isoandrosterone (0.1 pmol mg-1 protein h-1), 5 alpha-DHT (0.2 pmol mg-1 protein h-1), and 3 alpha-diol (0.2 pmol mg-1 protein h-1)]. Thus, the principal metabolite of [3H]androsterone in both lung tissue and endothelial cells was 5 alpha-androstane-3,17-dione. Human lung tissue metabolized [3H]3 alpha-diol (0.28 microM) to 5 alpha-DHT (8.8 pmol 100 mg-1 tissue h-1), androsterone (2.2 pmol 100 mg-1 tissue h-1), 5 alpha-androstane-3,17-dione (0.8 pmol 100 mg-1 tissue h-1), isoandrosterone (0.1 pmol 100 mg-1 tissue h-1), and four polar metabolites (0.2 pmol 100 mg-1 tissue h-1). 5 alpha-DHT was the principal metabolite of [3H]3 alpha-diol within the first hour of incubation, but the concentration of this androgen declined thereafter to 3.6 pmol 100 mg-1 tissue after 4 h of incubation. This decline was correlated with increased 5 alpha-androstane-3,17-dione synthesis (6.7 pmol 100 mg-1 tissue 4 h-1). Androsterone formation from [3H]3 alpha-diol, however, was linear with time of incubation for 4 h (8.9 pmol 100 mg-1 tissue 4 h-1). The formation of these products demonstrates that the principal 5 alpha-reduced-C19-steroid-metabolizing enzymes in human lung are 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid oxidoreductase.

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