Affordable Access

Metabolism of 7-(1,3-thiazolidin-2-ylmethyl)theophylline by rat liver microsomes. Evidence for a monooxygenase-dependent step in 1,3-thiazolidine ring cleavage.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals
Publication Date
Volume
20
Issue
5
Pages
742–746
Identifiers
PMID: 1358581
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Metabolic transformation of the mucoregulator and bronchodilator 7-(1,3-thiazolidin-2-ylmethyl)theophylline was studied in vitro with a rat liver microsomal preparation containing a NADPH-generating system. The only metabolite observed was 7-theophyllinacetaldehyde. In contrast to previous literature pointing out the chemical nature of 2-substituted thiazolidine ring cleavage, the formation of 7-theophyllinacetaldehyde was mediated by monooxygenase-dependent oxidation. Possibly an unstable sulfoxide was the first metabolic product, rapidly converted to 7-theophyllinacetaldehyde by hydrolysis. The sulfoxidation was apparently catalyzed mainly by flavin-containing monooxygenases, as selective thermal inactivation and methymazole significantly reduced the rate of formation of the metabolite. No N7-dealkylation pathway producing theophylline was detected, indicating a high regioselectivity in in vitro metabolism, due to the nucleophilicity of the sulfur atom.

Statistics

Seen <100 times