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Metabolic reprograming of LPS-stimulated human lung macrophages involves tryptophan metabolism and the aspartate-arginosuccinate shunt

  • Fall, Fanta
  • Lamy, Elodie
  • Brollo, Marion
  • Naline, Emmanuel
  • Lenuzza, Natacha
  • Thévenot, Etienne
  • Devillier, Philippe
  • Grassin-Delyle, Stanislas
Publication Date
Apr 08, 2020
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Lung macrophages (LM) are in the first line of defense against inhaled pathogens and can undergo phenotypic polarization to the proinflammatory M1 after stimulation with Toll-like receptor agonists. The objective of the present work was to characterize the metabolic alterations occurring during the experimental M1 LM polarization. Human LM were obtained from resected lungs and cultured for 24 hrs in medium alone or with 10 ng.mL-1 lipopolysaccharide. Cells and culture supernatants were subjected to extraction for metabolomic analysis with high-resolution LC-MS (HILIC and reverse phase -RP- chromatography in both negative and positive ionization modes) and GC-MS. The data were analyzed with R and the Worklow4Metabolomics and MetaboAnalyst online infrastructures. A total of 8,741 and 4,356 features were detected in the intracellular and extracellular content, respectively, after the filtering steps. Pathway analysis showed involvement of arachidonic acid metabolism, tryptophan metabolism and Krebs cycle in the response of LM to LPS, which was confirmed by the specific quantitation of selected compounds. This refined analysis highlighted a regulation of the kynurenin pathway as well as the serotonin biosynthesis pathway, and an involvement of aspartate-arginosuccinate shunt in the malate production. Macrophages M1 polarization is accompanied by changes in the cell metabolome, with the differential expression of metabolites involved in the promotion and regulation of inflammation and antimicrobial activity. The analysis of this macrophage immunometabolome may be of interest for the understanding of the pathophysiology of lung inflammatory disesases.

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