Growing bodies of studies have been conducted on the association of TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism with susceptibility to ovarian cancer and have yielded conflicting results. Thus, a meta-analysis was performed to summarize the possible association. 18 case-control studies, including 2,193 ovarian cancer cases and 5,175 controls were identified. The quality of the studies was assessed according to a predefined scale. The strength of the associations between TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism and ovarian cancer was measured by crude odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Overall, no significant association was found between TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism and ovarian cancer risk when all studies pooled into the meta-analysis in all genetic model. In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, still no association of this polymorphism with ovarian cancer risk was obtained for all comparison models. However, significantly decreased risks of ovarian cancer were found for Arg/Arg versus Arg/Pro+Pro/Pro (OR 0.84, 95% CI 0.74-0.96) when the analysis was restricted to high quality studies. Conversely, when it was restricted to low quality studies, significantly increased risks were observed for Arg/Arg versus Pro/Pro (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.09-2.28) and Arg/Arg+Arg/Pro versus Pro/Pro: (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.10-2.06), which might be spurious due to the poor design of these studies. In conclusion, this meta-analysis suggests that the Arg allele is at a moderately reduced risk for ovarian cancer and this polymorphism might protect against ovarian carcinogenesis.