Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) injected i.p. in doses of 5 mg/kg and higher had a strong locomotor stimulant action with development of frequent rearing, mild sniffing, grooming, preening and other excitatory behaviours. The locomotor stimulation was also produced by bilateral injection of TRH and dopamine (DA) into the nucleus accumbens but not by bilateral injection of these substances into the caudate nucleus. Unilateral intracaudate injection of TRH provoked no behavioural changes in contrast to a distinct circling response to similarly injected DA. Either i.p. or bilateral intra-accumbens injection of haloperidol or pimozide on low doses effectively blocked the locomotor stimulant action of TRH. These results indicate that the DA system in the nucleus accumbens may be of importance in mediation of the locomotor stimulant action of TRH. Differential affinity of TRH to the two DA systems, the mesolimbic and nigrostriatal DA systems is also suggested.