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Mentalising Moderates the Link between Autism Traits and Current Gender Dysphoric Features in Primarily Non-autistic, Cisgender Individuals

Authors
  • Kallitsounaki, Aimilia1
  • Williams, David1
  • 1 Keynes College, University of Kent,
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2020
Volume
50
Issue
11
Pages
4148–4157
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10803-020-04478-4
PMID: 32239391
PMCID: PMC7560908
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The co-occurrence between autism and gender dysphoria has received much attention recently. We found that, among 101 adults from the general population number of autism traits, as measured using the autism-spectrum quotient was associated significantly with recalled and current gender dysphoric traits. Furthermore, performance on an objective measure of mentalising, such as the “Reading the Mind in the Eyes” test was associated with current gender dysphoric traits, but most importantly it moderated the relation between number of autism traits and number of current gender dysphoric traits, such that the association was significant only when mentalising ability was relatively low. Results suggest mentalising may represent a contributing factor to the relation between autism and gender dysphoric traits in the general population. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (10.1007/s10803-020-04478-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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