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Mental disorders in juveniles who sexually offended : a meta-analysis

Authors
  • Boonmann, Cyril
  • van Vugt, Line S.
  • Jansen, Lucres M. C.
  • Colins, Olivier
  • Doreleijers, Theo A. H.
  • Stams, Geert-Jan J. M.
  • Vermeiren, Robert R. J. M.
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2015
Source
Ghent University Institutional Archive
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to establish the prevalence of mental disorders in juveniles who sexually offended (JSOs). A meta-analysis was performed based on studies reporting on the prevalence rates of mental disorders in JSOs. Furthermore, differences in mental disorders between JSOs and juveniles who offended non-sexually (non-JSOs) were assessed. In total, 21 studies reporting on mental disorders in 2951 JSOs and 18,688 non-JSOs were included. In the total group of JSOs, 69% met the criteria for at least one mental disorder; comorbidity was present in 44%. The most common externalizing and internalizing disorders were respectively conduct disorder (CD; 51%) and anxiety disorder (18%). Compared to non-JSOs, JSOs were less often diagnosed with a Disruptive Behavior Disorder (DBD, i.e., CD and/or Oppositional Deviant Disorder [ODD]), an Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and a Substance Use Disorder (SUD). No significant differences were found for internalizing disorders. In conclusion, although the prevalence of externalizing disorders is higher in non-JSOs, mental disorders are highly prevalent in JSOs. Even though results of the current meta-analysis may overestimate prevalence rates (e.g., due to publication bias), screening of JSOs should focus on mental disorders. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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