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Menopause and oral health.

Authors
  • Suri, Vanita
  • Suri, Varun
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of mid-life health
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2014
Volume
5
Issue
3
Pages
115–120
Identifiers
DOI: 10.4103/0976-7800.141187
PMID: 25316996
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Different phases of a woman's life: Puberty, menses, pregnancy, and menopause have varied influence on her oral health. During the menopause, women go through biological and endocrine changes, particularly in their sex steroid hormone production, affecting their health. Because the oral mucosa contains estrogen receptors, variations in hormone levels directly affect the oral cavity. A few oral conditions and or diseases are seen more frequently during post menopausal years. Role of hormones affecting the health of oro-dental tissues, as well as treatment by HRT in ameliorating these conditions is not clear. There is paucity of randomized controlled trials in this field and more data is needed, before the recommendations for oral health care in post menopausal women can be made. A gynecologist sitting in menopausal clinic should be aware of oral changes happening during this period, and dental needs of these women and should refer them to the dental specialists accordingly. On the other hand, a dentist should also be sensitized about the menopausal status of the woman, her HRT status and special preventive and treatment needs.

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