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Memory skills of boys with fragile X syndrome.

Authors
  • Ornstein, Peter A
  • Schaaf, Jennifer M
  • Hooper, Stephen R
  • Hatton, Deborah D
  • Mirrett, Penny
  • Bailey, Donald B Jr
Type
Published Article
Journal
American journal of mental retardation : AJMR
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2008
Volume
113
Issue
6
Pages
453–465
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1352/2008.113:453-465
PMID: 19127656
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Multiple aspects of memory were examined in 42 boys with fragile X syndrome and a comparison group of 42 typically developing boys matched on MA. Working memory, incidental memory, and deliberate memory were assessed with a battery that included both free-recall and recognition tasks. Findings indicated that boys with fragile X syndrome performed more poorly than their matches on most measures. The exception was free recall, in which their accuracy was equal to that of the control participants. Results from analyses of a subset of boys with fragile X syndrome who exhibit characteristics of autism and their MA matches, though preliminary, support the conclusion that memory deficits are especially marked in boys who have fragile X syndrome and evidence autistic behaviors.

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