A membrane skeletal molecular complex, protein 4.1G–membrane palmitoylated protein 6 (MPP6)–Lin7–cell adhesion molecule 4 (CADM4), is incorporated in Schwann cells, especially in Schmidt–Lanterman incisures (SLIs), in the mouse peripheral nervous system (PNS). MPP6, Lin7, and CADM4 are transported to SLIs by 4.1G. In this study, we created MPP6-deficient mice and evaluated myelin structure and MPP6 protein complexes. In SLIs in MPP6-deficient nerves, Lin7 was rarely detected by immunohistochemistry and western blotting, but the localization and amount of CADM4 and 4.1G were not altered. Motor activity was not significantly impaired in a tail-suspension test, but the sciatic nerves of MPP6-deficient mice had thicker myelin in internodes by electron microscopy compared to that of wild-type mice. These results indicate that the MPP6–Lin7 complex regulates myelin formation.