We describe a case of primary myelofibrosis which terminated in an acute megakaryoblastic leukaemia with massive marrow fibrosis and osteosclerosis. The megakaryocyte lineage of the terminal phase was confirmed by ultrastructural and surface marker studies of the blast cells. The leukaemic phase was associated with the presence of large numbers of progressively more immature megakaryocyte progenitors in the peripheral blood. The expression of c-sis mRNA in these blast cells was significantly higher than in normal mononuclear cells. Activation of the c-sis protooncogene leading to increased production of platelet-derived growth factor could be related to the progressive fibrosis observed.