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Megacity Aerosol Pollution and Atmospheric Electric Field Disturbances

Authors
  • Krasheninnikov, A. V.1
  • Loktev, D. N.1
  • Soloviev, S. P.1
  • 1 Institute of Geosphere Dynamics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119334, Russia , Moscow (Russia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2020
Volume
56
Issue
8
Pages
759–772
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1134/S0001433820080046
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

AbstractThe relationship between electric field variations and microparticle concentrations in the atmospheric surface layer has been studied using the example of the Moscow region. Synchronous field observations of the electric field strength obtained at two stations (the Moscow Center of Geophysical Monitoring and the Mikhnevo Geophysical Observatory of the Institute of Geosphere Dynamics, Russian Academy of Sciences) have been used. Under megacity conditions, the amplitudes of electric field signals have been found to increase relative to their values outside the region. The ratios of average electric field strengths at the observation stations to the values obtained outside the region have been estimated using the model that is developed. Variations in the electric field have been compared with changes in the concentrations of CO, NOx, SO2, and fine particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10); the electric field strength and the concentration of microparticles under megacity conditions have been found to be correlated.

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