Mediterranean food consumption patterns: low environmental impacts and significant health-nutrition benefits.
Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Sciences,Ibn Tofail University,P.O. Box 133, Kenitra,Morocco.
Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Rural Development Department,International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies of Bari (CIHEAM-Bari),via Ceglie 9, 70010, Valenzano (Bari),Italy.
- Published Article
Proceedings of The Nutrition Society
Cambridge University Press
- Publication Date
Nov 01, 2017
The Mediterranean dietary patterns comply better with recommended nutrient and micronutrient intakes. The Mediterranean diet (MD) was associated with reduced mortality and lower risk for metabolic chronic diseases. It has also low ecological, carbon and water footprints due to its high share of plant-based foods. In fact, the share of plant-based dietary energy is higher in the Mediterranean than in Northern Europe. The Mediterranean hotspot is a major centre of plant and crop diversity. Mediterranean people gather and consume about 2300 plant species. This review paper aims at highlighting the nutrition-health benefits of the MD and analysing the main environmental impacts of the Mediterranean food consumption patterns. There is a growing body of scientific evidence that the MD has significant health-nutrition benefits and low environmental footprints, so there is urgent need to reverse the ongoing erosion of the MD heritage and to promote it as a sustainable diets model.
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This record was last updated on 06/09/2018 and may not reflect the most current and accurate biomedical/scientific data available from NLM.
The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28659225