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Mediterranean food consumption patterns: low environmental impacts and significant health-nutrition benefits.

Authors
  • Aboussaleh, Y1
  • Capone, R2
  • Bilali, H El2
  • 1 Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Sciences,Ibn Tofail University,P.O. Box 133, Kenitra,Morocco. , (Morocco)
  • 2 Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Rural Development Department,International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies of Bari (CIHEAM-Bari),via Ceglie 9, 70010, Valenzano (Bari),Italy. , (Italy)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Proceedings of The Nutrition Society
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2017
Volume
76
Issue
4
Pages
543–548
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1017/S0029665117001033
PMID: 28659225
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The Mediterranean dietary patterns comply better with recommended nutrient and micronutrient intakes. The Mediterranean diet (MD) was associated with reduced mortality and lower risk for metabolic chronic diseases. It has also low ecological, carbon and water footprints due to its high share of plant-based foods. In fact, the share of plant-based dietary energy is higher in the Mediterranean than in Northern Europe. The Mediterranean hotspot is a major centre of plant and crop diversity. Mediterranean people gather and consume about 2300 plant species. This review paper aims at highlighting the nutrition-health benefits of the MD and analysing the main environmental impacts of the Mediterranean food consumption patterns. There is a growing body of scientific evidence that the MD has significant health-nutrition benefits and low environmental footprints, so there is urgent need to reverse the ongoing erosion of the MD heritage and to promote it as a sustainable diets model.

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