In a context of globalisation and socio-political upheavals in the Mediterranean, the development of Mediterranean agricultural trade is increasingly determined by the capacity of countries to develop modern infrastructure to facilitate exchanges and the movement of goods as well as to ensure better food security. Organised around the economic developments of Mediterranean agricultural trade (flow with Europe, the United States, Brazil, Asia and sub-Saharan Africa), logistical challenges for the exchange of strategic products (grain, fruits andvegetables, meat, olive oil, seafood, etc.) and the infrastructure that condition trade (ports, corridors, multimodal platforms, cold chain, etc.), Mediterra 2014 also addresses issues related to sustainability, territorial balance and strategies of public policy actors (the increasing importance of the normative framework, the struggle against food waste or the role of local authorities). Mediterra is a collection of shared expertise and a support tool for decision making involving more than 70 international experts with the goal of providing policy-makers, professionals and researchers with the essential strategicindicators and keys to understanding the Mediterranean.