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Medication Decision Making Among African American Caregivers of Children With ADHD: A Review of the Literature.

Authors
  • Glasofer, Amy1
  • Dingley, Catherine2
  • Reyes, Andrew Thomas2
  • 1 Virtua Health Center for Learning, Virtua Health, Mt. Laurel, NJ, USA.
  • 2 University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Attention Disorders
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2021
Volume
25
Issue
12
Pages
1687–1698
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1087054720930783
PMID: 32507007
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Background: Significant pharmacotherapy disparities exist among children from ethnic minorities with ADHD. Objective: The purpose of this review is to synthesize existing evidence on African American caregiver medication decision making (MDM) for children with ADHD. Method: Databases queried for this review included the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsychINFO, PubMed, and Education Resources Information Center (ERIC). Information regarding the unique culturally specific barriers and supports to MDM were examined through the relevant literature search. Results: Fourteen articles were included in this review (seven observational studies, four qualitative studies, three mixed methods studies). Three main themes were identified which include (a) fundamental perspectives of ADHD, and cultural norms for child behavior; (b) the impact of fundamental perspectives on MDM in ADHD; and (c) ADHD diagnosis and treatment as forms of social control. Conclusion: Evidence-based recommendations for clinicians are provided, along with direction for future research.

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