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Medical termination of missed abortion.

Authors
  • Chia, K V
  • Ogbo, V I
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2002
Volume
22
Issue
2
Pages
184–186
Identifiers
PMID: 12521705
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Missed abortions are a common occurrence and represent a heavy gynaecological emergency workload to both medical and nursing staff. The conventional method using vacuum aspiration of uterus is associated with morbidity and mortality. Medical termination of pregnancy is accepted as a safe and effective alternative method. However, medical evacuation of uterus in missed abortions had not been fully investigated. In this study we hope to examine the efficacy of medical methods for terminating missed abortions. Mifepristone and misoprostol prescribed to 100 women with an ultrasonically confirmed missed abortion was compared with 100 women who had surgical evacuation under general anaesthesia for their missed abortion. The disparity in complications between medical and surgical groups was not significantly different (Student's t-test, P=0.5). This study showed medical evacuation of missed abortion to be an effective, safe and cost-effective, alternative to surgical evacuation of the uterus and is particularly suited to women not wanting hospital admission or a surgical procedure under general anaesthesia. It represents an option of management that can be less intrusive and gives the woman some control but is both safe and effective.

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