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Mediating effects of emotional exhaustion on the relationship between job demand–control model and mental health.

Authors
  • Huang, Yu-Hwa1
  • Du, Pey-Ian
  • Chen, Chin-Hui
  • Yang, Chin-Ann
  • Huang, Ing-Chung
  • 1 Institute of Human Resource Management, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. , (Taiwan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Stress and health : journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2011
Volume
27
Issue
2
Identifiers
PMID: 27486627
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study attempted to investigate the role of emotional exhaustion as a mediator on the relationship between job demands-control (JDC) model and mental health. Three-wave data from 297 employees were collected. The results showed that job demands were positively related to emotional exhaustion, and increasing job demands will increase the level of emotional exhaustion. Job control was negatively associated with emotional exhaustion; therefore, increasing job control will decrease the level of emotional exhaustion. Emotional exhaustion was negatively related to mental health. Emotional exhaustion fully mediated the relationship between job demands and mental health, and partially mediated the positive relationship between job control and mental health. In addition, job control was positively associated with mental health directly. The remarkable finding of the present study was that emotional exhaustion served as the key mediator between the JDC model and mental health. Theoretical and managerial implications and limitations were discussed.

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