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Mediastinal widening and miliary chest radiograph pattern in a middle aged man: could it be sarcoidosis?

Authors
  • Bostantzoglou, Clementine
  • Samitas, Konstantinos
  • Gkogkou, Charalampos
  • Zervas, Eleftherios
  • Gaga, Mina
Type
Published Article
Journal
BMJ Case Reports
Publisher
BMJ
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2014
Volume
2014
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2014-204884
PMID: 25035447
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A diagnosis of sarcoidosis is based on suggestive radiographic pattern, presence of non-caseating granulomas and negative fungal and acid-fast bacilli (AFB) cultures. Sarcoidosis usually presents with hilar and/or mediastinal lymphadenopathy and distinct parenchymal radiographic patterns, such as fine nodular, reticulonodular or acinar opacities and rarely focal nodules or masses. A diffuse miliary pattern occurs in less than 1% of cases and can be identical to patterns seen in tuberculosis, fungal infections, histiocytosis and miliary metastases. Here the authors report the case of a 48-year-old man who presented with mediastinal widening and miliary pattern on chest radiograph, initially erroneously treated for tuberculosis. Transbronchial biopsies, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and serological tests were compatible with sarcoidosis, while BAL cultures were negative for fungi and AFB growth. The patient finally demonstrated clinical and radiological remission under corticosteroids. Clinicians should consider sarcoidosis in the differential diagnosis when bilateral miliary-type lesions are revealed on chest X-ray.

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