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Mediastinal Lymphoma Presenting in Cardiogenic Shock with Superior Vena Cava Syndrome in a Primigravida at Full Term: Salvage Resection after Prolonged Extracorporeal Life Support

Authors
  • Carro, Sabrina E.
  • Essex, David W.
  • Alsammak, Mohamed
  • Bains, Ashish
  • Toyoda, Yoshiya
  • Keshavamurthy, Suresh
Type
Published Article
Journal
Case Reports in Oncology
Publisher
S. Karger AG
Publication Date
Jun 04, 2019
Volume
12
Issue
2
Pages
401–410
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1159/000499195
PMID: 31244642
PMCID: PMC6587197
Source
Karger
Keywords
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL) is a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that typically has a good response rate to first line chemotherapy regimens. There have been reports of successful chemotherapy, but with a residual mass from fibrosis. Here, we report the case of a 19-year-old primigravida presenting with cardiogenic shock and superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome at full term who was found to have a PMBCL. Following delivery via urgent cesarean section, she was put on veno-arterial extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) and once hemodynamically stable was started on chemotherapy. In view of limited change in tumor size on consecutive CT scans and questionable response to chemotherapy, there were multidisciplinary meetings wherein withdrawing support was discussed and put forward to the family. At that point, surgical debulking was offered on compassionate grounds to be able to wean her off the VA-ECMO. This case report highlights the role of salvage resection when there are no other options.

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