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Medaka ( Oryzias latipes ) Embryo as a Model for the Screening of Compounds that Counteract the Damage Induced by Ultraviolet and High-Energy Visible Light

Authors
  • Merino, Marián
  • Mullor, José Luis
  • Sánchez-Sánchez, Ana Virginia
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Aug 11, 2020
Volume
21
Issue
16
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/ijms21165769
PMID: 32796742
PMCID: PMC7460826
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Continuous overexposure to sunlight increases its harmful effects on the skin. For this reason, there is a growing need to characterize economic models more representative of the negative effects and counteracting responses that irradiation causes on human skin. These models will serve for the screening of protective compounds against damage caused by ultraviolet (UV) and high energy visible light (HEV). Therefore, two common in vitro models employed for sunlight irradiation studies, namely human keratinocyte HaCat culture and reconstructed human epidermis (RHE), were compared with the medaka fish embryo model, traditionally used in other scientific disciplines. Using suberythemal doses of UVA and HEV to determine the level of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) generation and thymine dimers formed by UVB, we show that medaka embryo responds with a lower damage level, more comparable to human skin, than the other two models, probably due to the protective mechanisms that work in a complete organism. In the same way, the protective effects of antioxidant compounds have the greatest effect on medaka embryos. Taken together, these findings suggest that medaka embryos would be a good alternative in vitro model for sunlight effect studies, and for the screening of molecules with counteracting capacity against the damage caused by UV and HEV.

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