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Mechanobiology of bone and mechanocoupling of endosseous titanium oral implants.

Authors
  • 1
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of long-term effects of medical implants
Publication Date
Volume
15
Issue
2
Pages
139–152
Identifiers
PMID: 15777167
Source
Medline

Abstract

Implant design, particularly implant surface, has a decisive role on interface force transmission but not on the long-term clinical effectiveness of oral implants. Overloading and stress shielding have often been cited as the primary biomechanical factors leading to marginal bone loss around implants, although there is no consensus on these factors. Low-magnitude, high-frequency mechanical signals may be future candidates for promoting osseointegration and increasing bone density and bone mass around load-bearing osseointegrated implants. Computational technologies and (bio)sensors used for mechanobiological/biomechanical evaluation of bone and oral implants are still at their early stages of application, which results in a little pool of evidence on mechanocoupling of oral implants and biomechanical evaluation of various clinical loadings.

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